top of page

MetroVoice Information Network

Public·15 members
Jonathan Reed
Jonathan Reed

Narration Change: A Complete Guide with Examples and Exercises


Rules Of Narration Change In English Grammar Pdf 28




Do you want to learn how to report what someone said in English? Do you want to improve your writing and speaking skills by using different types of sentences? Do you want to master the rules of narration change in English grammar? If you answered yes to any of these questions, then this article is for you.




Rules Of Narration Change In English Grammar Pdf 28



In this article, you will learn what narration is and what are the types of narration. You will also learn how to change direct speech to indirect speech and vice versa. You will discover the exceptions to the rules of narration change and how to deal with them. Finally, you will get some tips and resources on how to practice narration change in English grammar.


By the end of this article, you will be able to report what someone said accurately and confidently. You will also be able to write and speak more fluently and creatively by using different types of sentences. So, let's get started!


What is narration?




Narration is the act of telling or reporting something that happened or was said. Narration is an important skill in both writing and speaking because it helps you communicate information, express opinions, tell stories, and persuade others.


There are two ways of narrating something that someone said:


  • Direct speech: This is when you quote the exact words that someone said without any changes. You use quotation marks (" ") to indicate direct speech. For example:



"I love this book," she said.


  • Indirect speech: This is when you paraphrase or summarize what someone said without using their exact words. You do not use quotation marks for indirect speech. You may also need to change some words such as tense, pronoun, or adverb depending on the context. For example:



She said that she loved that book.


What are the types of narration?




As you can see from the examples above, direct speech and indirect speech are the two types of narration. Both types have their advantages and disadvantages depending on the purpose and situation.


Direct speech is more vivid and lively because it shows the exact words, tone, and emotion of the speaker. It also makes the narration more interesting and engaging for the reader or listener. However, direct speech can also be long, repetitive, or confusing if there are too many speakers or quotations.


Indirect speech is more concise and clear because it summarizes the main idea or message of the speaker. It also makes the narration more objective and formal by avoiding slang, idioms, or colloquialisms. However, indirect speech can also be dull, boring, or inaccurate if it changes the meaning or intention of the speaker.


Therefore, you need to choose the type of narration that suits your purpose and situation. You can also mix both types of narration to create a balance between accuracy and interest. For example:


"I'm sorry, I can't come to your party," he said. He explained that he had to work late that night.


How to change direct speech to indirect speech?




One of the most common tasks in narration is to change direct speech to indirect speech. This is useful when you want to report what someone said without using their exact words. To do this, you need to follow some rules for changing tense, pronoun, and adverb in the sentence.


Rule 1: Tense changes




The first rule is to change the tense of the verb in the direct speech to the past tense in the indirect speech. This is because indirect speech usually reports something that happened or was said in the past. Here are some examples of how to change the tense:


Direct speech Indirect speech --- --- Present simple Past simple "She likes chocolate." She said that she liked chocolate. Present continuous Past continuous "He is studying for the exam." He said that he was studying for the exam. Present perfect Past perfect "They have finished their homework." They said that they had finished their homework. Past simple Past perfect "I saw a movie yesterday." I said that I had seen a movie yesterday. Rule 2: Pronoun changes




The second rule is to change the pronoun in the direct speech to match the person and number of the speaker and listener in the indirect speech. This is because indirect speech usually reports what someone else said, not what you or I said. Here are some examples of how to change the pronoun:


Direct speech Indirect speech --- --- First person singular Third person singular "I am hungry." He said that he was hungry. Second person singular Third person singular "You are smart." She said that he was smart. Third person singular Third person singular "He is funny." She said that he was funny. First person plural Third person plural "We are tired." They said that they were tired. Rule 3: Adverb changes




The third rule is to change the adverb in the direct speech to match the time and place of the indirect speech. This is because indirect speech usually reports something that happened or was said at a different time and place from when or where it is reported. Here are some examples of how to change the adverb:


Direct speech Indirect speech --- --- Now Then "I am here now." He said that he was there then. Today That day "She is busy today." She said that she was busy that day. Yesterday The day before "They went shopping yesterday." They said that they had gone shopping the day before. Tomorrow The next day "We will leave tomorrow." We said that we would leave the next day. How to change indirect speech to direct speech?




The opposite task of changing direct speech to indirect speech is changing indirect speech to direct speech. This is useful when you want to quote what someone said using their exact words. To do this, you need to follow some rules for changing tense, pronoun, and adverb in the sentence.


Rule 1: Tense changes




  • Change the adverb to match the time and place.



  • What are the rules of changing indirect speech to direct speech?



The rules of changing indirect speech to direct speech are:


  • Change the tense of the verb from past to present.



  • Change the pronoun to match the person and number.



  • Change the adverb to match the time and place.



  • What are the exceptions to the rules of narration change?



The exceptions to the rules of narration change are:


  • No tense change for modal verbs unless there is a change in meaning or certainty.



  • Use infinitive with to or ask/tell + object + to for imperative sentences.



  • Use that + subject + verb or what/how + adjective/adverb + subject + verb for exclamatory sentences.



  • How to practice narration change in English grammar?



You can practice narration change in English grammar by:


  • Reading a lot of dialogues and stories.



  • Writing your own sentences and paragraphs.



  • Using online tools and exercises.



71b2f0854b


About

Welcome to the group! You can connect with other members, ge...

Members

  • Larry Holeman
    Completed the Introduction to Framework for Successmiracle worker
  • Jamal Matveyev
    Jamal Matveyev
  • Jeremiah James
    Jeremiah James
  • Dylan Lee
    Dylan Lee
  • Philip Quigley
    Philip Quigley
bottom of page